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What is Insurance Underwriting?

Jun 11, 2024


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What is Insurance Underwriting?

What is Insurance Underwriting? - Definition

Insurance Underwriting is the process of evaluating the risks, determining appropriate coverage and premium for an Insurance Policy. The Underwriting Process is a key function in Insurance which determines the rates that will be charged for the Insurance Policy as well as whether the risk will be accepted or not.

What is the need for Insurance Underwriting?

Prudent Underwriting will determine whether an Insurance Company will make profits or not and continue to offer Policies. Insurance Companies need to make more in Insurance Premiums than what they pay out in Claims and expenses. Underwriting allows an Insurance Company to make more in premiums by prudently evaluating risks and pricing them accordingly.

How Insurance Underwriting works?

The Underwriting Process involves careful evaluation of risks, weighing the probability and magnitude of an Insurance Claim before pricing an Insurance Policy which will make more in Premiums than what is paid out in Claims. The Insurance Underwriting Process usually involves the following steps:

  1. Evaluating the Proposal: Underwriters evaluate the proposal submitted by the Policyholder. The Proposal includes information relevant to the Proposal such as Prior Claims Experience, Nature of Risk etc.
  2. Risk Assessment: Underwriters assess the level of risk associated with the Proposal by evaluating various factors shared by the Prospective Policyholder and determine the likelihood of a Claim for the shared proposal.
  3. Determining Insurance Coverage: The underwriters determine Insurance Coverage and Pricing of the Insurance Policy based on their risk assessment.
  4. Renewal Policy Review: The Underwriters periodically review the risks associated with the Insurance Proposal on renewal of the Policy. This may result in changes to Policy Terms and Conditions or Insurance Premiums.

What factors impact the Underwriting Process?

Following factors impact the underwriting process for any type of Insurance:

  1. Nature of Industry
  2. Age of the Business
  3. Company Size and Turnover
  4. Prior Claims Experience
  5. Security Measures and Loss Prevention measures

The above factors are just a few of the many factors that an Insurance Underwriter considers before evaluating an Insurance Proposal. Once all the information is provided to the Underwriter, the Underwriter can decide whether to accept the proposal or not. If all the factors are favourable, the Insurance Company will offer you a Policy by charging an appropriate Insurance Premium.

What is an Insurance Underwriter? What does an Underwriter do?

An Insurance Underwriter is a trained insurance professional who analyses various risks in insuring people and assets and decide pricing for acceptable risks. The Pricing is the Insurance Premium charged for issuing an Insurance Policy for an acceptable risk.

Insurance Underwriters use actuarial analysis to quantify and price risks. Actuaries use statistical models to analyse historical data, trends, and other factors to make informed decisions about the probability and magnitude of loss for a particular event. Underwriters use these models to make decisions about coverage and pricing, ensuring that Insurance Premiums align with the potential risks associated with a Policy.

For example, when an Insurance Underwriter is evaluating the proposal of whether to insure a Chemical Manufacturing Plant with an Industrial All Risk Insurance Policy, he will consider the loss ratios for the Chemical Industry, Fire Safety Measures installed by the plant, nature of chemicals being manufactured at the plant, Earthquake Zone of the location where the Plant is located, Priore Insurance Claims of the Insured and various other factors. These factors will decide the Insurance Premium to be charged for the IAR Policy.


Insurance Underwriters play a critical role in managing risks and ensuring the financial well-being of individuals and businesses. Insurance Underwriters are crucial for a resilient Insurance Ecosystem. If you have any questions about any Insurance Policy or Insurance Claim, reach out to us via email at insurance@qian.co.in or call us on 022-35134695. We would be glad to assist you.